Understanding ADHD: Insights and Strategies for Parents and Educators


Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects millions of children and adults worldwide. Despite its prevalence, there are still many misconceptions surrounding ADHD. In this blog post, we will explore what ADHD is, its symptoms and challenges, and provide practical strategies for parents and educators to support individuals with ADHD.

What is ADHD?

ADHD is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder characterised by difficulties with attention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. Individuals with ADHD may struggle to focus, stay organized, manage time, and control impulses. ADHD can impact various aspects of life, including academic performance, social relationships, and daily functioning.

Types of ADHD:

There are three main subtypes of ADHD:

1. Predominantly inattentive presentation: Difficulty with attention and organisation, but not hyperactivity or impulsivity.

2. Predominantly hyperactive-impulsive presentation: Hyperactivity and impulsivity are prominent, but attention difficulties may be less noticeable.

3. Combined presentation: Symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity are present.

Common Symptoms of ADHD:

- Inattention: Difficulty sustaining attention, being easily distracted, forgetfulness, poor organisation skills.

- Hyperactivity: Restlessness, fidgeting, excessive talking, difficulty staying seated.

- Impulsivity: Acting without thinking, interrupting others, difficulty waiting turns.

Challenges Faced by Individuals with ADHD:

- Academic struggles: Difficulty completing tasks, staying focused in class, and following instructions.

- Social difficulties: Impulsivity and hyperactivity can affect peer relationships and social interactions.

- Emotional regulation: Mood swings, frustration, and low self-esteem are common among individuals with ADHD.

Strategies for Parents:

1. Establish routines and structure at home to provide predictability and consistency.

2. Break tasks into manageable steps and provide clear instructions.

3. Use visual aids and reminders to help with organisation and time management.

4. Encourage physical activity and provide outlets for excess energy.

5. Practice positive reinforcement and praise for desired behaviours.

Strategies for Educators:

1. Provide a structured and organised learning environment.

2. Use multi-sensory teaching methods to engage students with ADHD.

3. Incorporate frequent breaks and movement opportunities into the school day.

4. Offer preferential seating and minimise distractions in the classroom.

5. Collaborate with parents and other support professionals to develop individualised education plans (IEPs) or accommodations for students with ADHD.